11 Winter Road Trip Tips for Cold Weather Drives

Teen girl in car over snowy forest on winter road trip.
Photo: Shutterstock

For anyone experiencing wanderlust after being cooped-up over the holidays, a winter road trip can be a safe way to scratch that travel itch, even during the pandemic. Before you head out, though, check the COVID risk level along your route and review the AAA COVID-19 travel restrictions map. And no matter the number of days or distance of your road trip, be sure you (and your car) are ready to drive in the snow.

Winter Road Trip Tips

Driving anywhere in the cold weather and winter months requires special considerations. We spoke with Elizabeth Carey from AAA Western and Central New York to find out her best tips for cold weather road trips. 

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1. Know Before You Go

Before anything else, it’s important to know where you’re going. Are you heading into an area that’s prone to lake effect snow? What’s the weather forecast during your trip? Check the National Weather Service website for area road conditions, including regional winter weather advisories and storm watches, and download a good weather app to make sure you’re prepared. 

2. Test Your Battery

Nothing’s worse than the car not starting when everyone’s ready to go. If your engine’s slow to start, the lights dim when starting, or the car battery’s simply old, you may need a new one. Most car batteries last three to five years, so if your battery is more than three years old, get it checked before a cold weather road trip. A mechanic can easily test the battery and charging system. Make sure the battery terminals and cable ends are free from corrosion and the connections are tight. Finally, make sure you have jumper cables on hand and know how to use them.

3. Check Your Lights

It gets dark early on a winter road trip, so be sure that your headlights, taillights, brake lights, turn signals, and emergency flashers are all working. Replace any burnt-out bulbs before hitting the road, and throw in a working flashlight while you’re at it. 

4. Measure Air Pressure in Your Tires

Tires are probably the single most important part of safe winter driving. Make sure all four tires have the proper tread for the best traction while driving in potentially snowy condition. If you live in (or are heading to) an area with heavy winter weather, snow tires will provide the best traction. Regular, all-season tires work well in light to moderate snow conditions, too, provided they have enough tread. 

AAA recommends replacing any tire whose tread is worn to 2/32 of an inch or less. One way to tell is to place a penny in the tread; if you see all of Lincoln’s head, the tire needs to be replaced. Don’t forget to make sure your tires are properly inflated, too. As the temperature drops, so does the tire pressure, typically one PSI for every 10 degrees. Under-inflated tires can affect braking distance, steering, and handling. Look for the proper tire pressure in your owner’s manual or the tire information sticker in the driver’s door jamb. 

5. Check Your Wiper Blades and Fluid Levels

Make sure your wiper blades can clear your windshield, and replace any blade that leaves streaks or misses spots. Fill-up the windshield washer reservoir with fluid that won’t freeze when the temperature drops. Winter de-icer fluids are formulated to prevent the solution from freezing, and also contains chemicals that melt ice and frost. Don’t forget the engine coolant/antifreeze when checking fluid levels as well. Antifreeze lowers the freezing point of the engine’s liquid coolant system preventing the car from overheating. 

6. Pack Your Winter Gear, but Don’t Wear it While Driving

Make sure you have coats, scarves, gloves, boots, and hats with you, but keep them separate while driving. The bulky coats limit arm movements, gloves decrease sensing steering wheel feedback, and large boots can interfere with the pedals. For infants in child seats, those puffy winter coats can cause car seat restraints to not fit securely. Pack the winter gear close at hand, but save the layers for the outdoors. 

7. Stock an Emergency Kit

Don’t leave home without a proper car emergency kit that includes some basic items like a first aid kit, snacks (for both humans and any pets), ice scraper with brush, basic tools (screwdrivers, pliers, wrench), warning flares, cloths or paper towels, some drinking water, and an emergency blanket in case you find yourself stranded in some bad winter weather. 

8. Give Your Car a Checkup

Before any major winter road trip, AAA recommends taking your vehicle to a mechanic for a thorough checkup of the brakes, drive belts, engine hoses, and all fluids (transmission, brake, and power steering). 

9. Keep Emergency Numbers Handy

Make sure you have important phone numbers for emergency services programmed into your mobile device, and don’t forget to bring a car charger for your phone or tablet as well.

10. Use Extra Care When Driving in the Snow

If you’re out on your drive and get caught in a snow squall, don’t panic. Here are some basic tips for driving in the snow.

  • Drive slowly and keep your speed down to account for decreased traction.
  • Accelerate and decelerate slowly in order to avoid skids.
  • Increase your following distance to five or six seconds to account for the longer distance needed to stop.
  • When braking, keep your heel on the floor and apply firm, steady pressure on the brake pedal.
  • If possible, don’t stop when driving up a hill, as it can be difficult to get moving again on an icy road. However, don’t power up hills either. Applying extra gas on the snow-covered roads will only make your wheels spin.
  • Finally, make sure all the windows of your car are clear of snow.

11. Pack a Shovel and Sand (Grit)

If you get stuck in the snow (or plowed in), you’ll be glad you packed a small shovel to dig yourself out. A bag of some sort of grit (sand, salt, cat litter) will help your tires grab on icy surfaces as well as give some extra weight in the back of the car.  

Embrace the season with a safe winter road trip, and once you reach your destination, pull out that shovel and spend some time helping the kids build an epic snow fort.  

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Dave Parfitt is a freelance travel writer interested in illuminating transformative family travel, multi-generational travel, inclusive and accessible travel, under-the-radar destinations, and immersive, authentic experiences. Dave's work has appeared in Lonely Planet, AAA, Fox News Travel, US News & World Report, FamilyVacationist, TravelAge West, USA Today, and Family Circle, to name a few. An academic with a PhD in neuroscience, Dave also works as an educational developer at a four-year college in Western New York when not in a theme park, national park, or on a cruise or road trip with his family.